The 2011 Massachusetts Curriculum Framework for Mathematics
provides the primary foundation for mathematics instruction in grades JK
– 5 at the King School. This framework builds on the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics
as adopted by 45 states and 3 territories across the United States, and
clearly defines and communicates what is expected of students at each
grade level in terms of their mathematical understandings.
CPS has been working over the past two years to transition from the
previous Massachusetts Framework to the new standards. During the 2012 –
2013 academic year, we will be moving to full implementation of the new
mathematical content at each grade level.
Investigations in Number, Data, and Space, developed here in
Cambridge by TERC, and published by Pearson, is the primary resource
that is used for mathematics instruction in CPS K – 5 classrooms. These
materials are closely aligned to the new mathematical content. In
addition to Investigations, teachers use additional
instructional materials to ensure that students have many opportunities
to achieve expected mathematics understanding.
In Grade 5,
instructional time should focus on three critical areas:
- Developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, and
developing understanding of the multiplication of fractions and of
division of fractions in limited cases (unit fractions divided by whole
numbers and whole numbers divided by unit fractions);
- Extending division to 2-digit divisors, integrating decimal
fractions into the place value system and developing understanding of
operations with decimals to hundredths, and developing fluency with
whole number and decimal operations; and
- Developing understanding of volume.
The Standards for Mathematical Practice describe varieties of
expertise that all students of mathematics should develop from grades JK
through 12. For more specific information on learning expectations for
students at the fifth grade level, visit the CPS Math Dept. website.